Schlimia alpina photo by Darrin of Mountain Orchids

Schlimia alpina photo by Darrin

The Genus Schlimia

Planchon & Linden

Edited 27 April 2007
© Nina Rach

This genus was named for orchid collector Louis Schlim, Jean Linden's cousin. Schlim collected with N. Funck for Linden in Venezuela and Colombia. There are fewer than ten cool-growing Andean species, four of which are endemic to Ecuador. The type species is Schlimia jasminodora, described by Planchon & Linden in Flower Garden 1852. Abbreviated ___.

Culture: Grows as an epiphyte in wet forest from 800-2000 meters. Cultivate under moist, intermediate conditions.

The eight species:
Schlimia alpina Rchb.f. & Warsc., Bonplandia (1854). [Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru]
1,500-3,000 m. Cool-grower!

Schlimia condorana Dodson, Icon. Pl. Trop. 6: t. 582. 1989. [Ecuador]
- Found at 1500-2000 m elevation in Zamoraa-Chinchipe provinces of Andean Ecuador. Endemic.

Schlimia garayana H.R. Sweet, Orquideologia 8(1): 8, f.. 1973. [Ecuador - Azuay]
- Found at 1500-2000m elevation in Azuay Prrovince of Andean Ecuador. Endemic.

Schlimia jasminodora Planchon & Linden, Paxton's Flower Garden (1852). [Costa Rica to Colombia]

Schlimia jennyana Luckel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 41: 68 (1990). [Peru]

Schlimia pandurata Schlechter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 159 (1920). [Colombia]

Schlimia stevensonii Dodson, Selbyana 7(2-4): 356. 1984. [Ecuador]
- Found at 1000-1500 m elevation in Pichinccha Province, Ecuador. Endemic. Named for F.L. Stevenson, American orchidist, AOS Judge, and Past-President of the AOS.

Schlimia trifida Rchb.f., Gardeners Chronicle n.s. 6: 708 (1876). [Colombia]
Image by Grinfeder

AOS award:
Schlimia garayana 'Sharon' CBR/AOS (hort. syn. trifida),
in: Awards Quarterly Vol. 31 - No. 1 - March 2000, p. 56 (color photo).

Links to sites about Schlimia:

International Plant Names Index [IPNI],

List of all known orchid species, from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. URL:

Preliminary Checklist of the Endangered Plants of Colombia, by the Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute, Bogota.

Missouri Botanic Garden, Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador (CVPE)

Lou Jost's Condor report, "Orchids of the High Cordillera del Condor," online, at: Tinkimintz Expedition (840m)-- "Several plants of Schlimia condorana were also found here. This species, previously known from only two specimens, is restricted to the province of Zamora, though not strictly to the Cordillera del Condor." (southern Ecuador)

Peruvian Orchids by Carlos Hajek

Printed References:

AOS Bulletin (Aug. 1956) Schlimia trifida, p. 536.

Paul Allen 1949. Flora of Panama.

Oakes Ames and Donovan Stewart Correll 1985. Orchids of Guatemala and Belize. Dover Publications, Inc., New York. 779p.

Helmut Bechtel, Phillip Cribb, Edmund Launert 1992. The Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species [Third Edition]. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 585p. [S. alpina]
D.E. Breedlove 1986. "Flora de Chiapas," in: Listados Florísticos de México, 4: i--v, 1--246.

Calaway H. Dodson 1984. "Corrections of identifications in Icones Plantarum Tropicarum. Plates 001--1000", in: Selbyana 7(2--4): 354--358. [S. stevensonii]

Calaway H. Dodson 1988. "A list of the orchid species reported for Ecuador," in: Orquídeas de la costa del Ecuador, 115-129. [S. condorana; garayana]

Calaway H. Dodson and P.M. Dodson 1980. Orchids of Ecuador. Fasc. 4: 301-400, in: Icones Plantarum Tropicarum.

Calaway H. Dodson and P.M. Dodson. 1984. Orchids of Ecuador. Fasc. 10, plates 901-1000, in: Icones Plantarum Tropicarum . The Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South Palm Avenue, Sarasota, FL 33577.

Calaway H. Dodson and P.M. Dodson. 1989. Orchids of Ecuador. In: Icones Plantarum Tropicarum, ser. 2, 6: 501--600. [Schlimia condorana]

C.H. Dodson & R. Escobar R. 1993. Native Ecuadorian Orchids 1: 1-207.

Robert L. Dressler 1993. Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca. 374p.

G.C.K. Dunsterville and Leslie A. Garay 19__. Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated, Vol.3:282 [Schlimia trifida]

Rodrigo Escobar [ed.]. Native Columbian Orchids Colina; Vol. 5, pg. 19-21.

Guenther Gerlach (1999) "80. Subtribus: Stanhopeinae und 81. Subtribus: Coeliopsidinae (Teil 1)," in: Schlechter, Die Orchideen, Band I, Teil C, Lieferung 37/38, 128 p. with 142 B&W illustrations, in German [849. Soterosanthus; 850. Brasilocycnis; 851. Polycycnis; 852. Kegeliella; 853. coryanthes; 854. Stanhopea; 855. Sievekingia; 856. Embreea; 857. Gongora; 858. Cirrhaea; 859. Paphinia; 860. Horichia; 861. Houlletia; 862. Schlimia; 863. Trevoria; 864. Acineta; 865. Lueddemannia; 866. Lacaena; 867. Vasqueziella; 868. Braemia]

Gunther Gerlach (2001b) "Die Subtribus Stanhopeinae. 4. Lueddemannia bis Schlimia," in: J. Orchideenfreund 8(4): 325-337.

Fritz Hamer 1981. The Orchids of El Salvador. Marie Selby Botanical Gardens. vol. 3, pg. 40.

Fritz Hamer 1988. "Orchids of Central America," in: Selbyana, 10(Suppl.): 1--430.
Alex Hawkes [1965] 1987. Encyclopaedia of Cultivated Orchids. Faber and Faber, London.

P.M. Jørgensen and S. León-Yánez (eds.) 1999. "Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador," in: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 75: i--viii, 1--1182.

I. McLeish, N. R. Pearce & B. R. Adams 1995. Native Orchids of Belize . 1-278.

Jim and Barbara McQueen 1993. Orchids of Brazil. The Text Publishing Company, Melbourne, Australia. 200p.

Pabst and Dungs 1977. Orchidaceae Brasilienses.

Gustav Reichenbach and Josef Ritter von Rawiez Warszewicz (1854) "Schlimia alpina," in: Bonplandia 2: 98.

Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter 1920. "Schlimia pandurata," in: Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 159.

Richard Evans Schultes 1960. Native Orchids of Trindad and Tobago. Pergamon Pres Inc., Oxford. 275p.

J. Steyermark et al. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.

Herman R. Sweet 1973. "Orquídeas andinas poco conocidas---VII. Schlimia Planchon & Linden ex Lindley," in: Orquideología; Revista de la Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideología, 8(1): 3--14. [Schlimmia garayana]

R. Valencia, N. Pitman, S. León-Yánez & P. M. Jørgensen 2000. Libro Rojo de las Plantas Endémicas del Ecuador, i--iv, 1--489.

Norris H. Williams (1982) "The biology of orchids and euglossine bees," in: J. Arditti [ed.], Orchid Biology, Reviews and Perspectives, II, pp. 119-171. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. [Acineta; Cirrhaea; Gongora; Houlletia; Lacaena; Peristeria; Polycycnis; Schlimia; Sievekingia; Stanhopea annulata, candida, cirrhata, connata, costaricensis, ecornuta, embreei, florida, frymirei, gibbosa, grandiflora, impressa, jenishiana, oculata, reichenbachiana, saccata, tigrina, tricornis, wardii, warscewicziana]

W. Mark Whitten, Norris H. Williams, and Mark W. Chase 2000. "Subtribal and Generic Relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with Emphasis on Stanhopeinae: Combined Molecular Evidence," in: American Jour. of Botany 87(12): 1842-1856. Article in .pdf format

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This webpage was born July 2001.